Kashan Art and Culture (3)
kashan Art and Cultur
Muhtasham Kashani (1500-1588) is an Iranian poet who lived in the time of Safavid time and had an influence on Persian and Day of Ashura poetry
. He was born in Kashan and died there. He is well-known because of his poem about Imam al-Husayn (a)'s martyrdom which is known as Tarkib band Mohtasham Kaashaani (Kamal-al-Din Mohtasham Kashani, Persian: (1528–1588) was a Persian poet of Safavid’s period. He is mainly known by his elegy on martyrdom of Imam Hossein and his family.
His main job, like his father, was cloth industry (in Kashan) before he chose poetry as the main field.
Mohammad Ghaffari, better known as Kamal-ol-Molk, born in Kashan in 1848, to a family with a strong artistic tradition, tracing their origins back to notable painters during the reign of Nader Shah.Kamal's uncle, Mirza Abolhassan Khan Ghaffari, known as Sanee-ol-Molk, a 19th-century celebrated painter, was highly notable for his watercolor portraiture. His father, Mirza Bozorg Ghaffari Kashani, was the founder of Iran's painting school and a famous artist as well. His brother, Abutorab Ghaffari, was also a distinguished painter of his time. Mohammad developed an interest in calligraphy and painting at a young age. In his childhood eagerness, he drew charcoal sketches on the walls of his room. Upon completion of his primary education, Mohammad moved to Tehran. To further his studies, he registered in Dar-ul-Funun School, a modern institute of higher learning in Persia, where he studied painting with Mozayyen-od-Doleh, a well-known painter who had visited Europe and studied Western art. He studied there for a period of three years. In his school days, the young Ghaffari was given the name Mirza Mohammad Kashi. During his education he began to attract public attention as a talented artist. In his visits to Dar-ul-Funun, Naser al-Din Shah Qajar came to know Mohammad Ghaffari and invited him to the court. Mohammad further improved his technique, and Nasereddin Shah gave him the title "Kamal-ol-Milk" . During the years he stayed at Nasereddin Shah Qajar's court, Kamal-ol-Molk created some of his most significant works. The paintings he did in this period, which lasted up until the assassination of Nasereddin Shah, were portraits of important people, landscapes, paintings of royal camps and hunting grounds, and various parts of royal palaces. In this busiest period of Kamal-ol-Molk's artistic life, he created over 170 paintings. However, most of these paintings have either been destroyed or taken abroad.The works he created in this period indicate his desire to develop his oil painting technique. He advanced so much that he even acquired laws of perspective by himself and applied them to his works. His mastery in the delicate use of a brush was as well as bright and lively colors distinguished him from his contemporaries. Visit to Europe
He was born in Kashan, Iran. He is considered to be one of the five most famous Iranian poets who have practiced modern poetry. Other practitioners of this form were Nima Youshij, Ahmad Shamlou, Mehdi Akhavan-Sales, and Forough Farrokhzad.
Sepehri was also one of Iran's foremost modernist painters.
Well-versed in Buddhism, mysticism and Western traditions, he mingled the Western concepts with Eastern ones, thereby creating a kind of poetry unsurpassed in the history of Persian literature. To him, new forms were new means to express his thoughts and feelings.
His poetry has been translated into many languages including English, French, Spanish, German, Italian, Swedish, Arabic, Turkishand Russian. An English translation of his selected poems by Ali Salami appeared in 2003.
- Hasht Ketab (Eight Books) 1976
- The Death of Color 1951
- The Life of Dreams 1953
- Us nil, us a look Was not published until 1977
- Downpour of Sunshine 1958
- East of Sorrow 1961
- The Oasis of Now (1965) translated by Kazim Ali with Mohammad Jafar Mahallati, BOA Editions, 2013.
- The Wayfarer 1966
- The Green Space 1967
- The Lover Is Always Alone. Trans. Karim Emami. Tehran: Sokhan,
- Sepehri, Sohrab, and Riccardo Zipoli. While poppies bloom: Poems and Panoramas. Trans. Karim Emami. Tehran: Zarrin-o-Simin Books, 2005.
- Bidi, Hamed. "Where Are My Shoesی" While Poppies Bloom. 12 Oct 2006. 24 Oct 2000
- Valiabdi, Mostafa. Hichestan.Tehran: Tiam, 2005.
- Karimi-Hakkak, Ahmad. Hasht Ketab: Professor Hakkak's view on the Sepehri's esthetic vision and significance.United States: Ketabe Gooya, 2005.
- Sepehri, Parvaneh. The Blue Room. Tehran: Gooya, 2003.
- Sepehri, Paridokht. Wherever I am, let me be! Tehran: Peykan, 2005.
- Sayar, Pirouz. Paintings and Drawings Of Sohrab Sepehri. Tehran: Soroush Press, 2002.
- Sepehri, Paridokht. Sohrab, the Migratory Bird. Tehran: Tahouri, 1996.
- Hamid Siahpoush. The Lonely Garden: Sohrab Sepehri's Remembrance. Tehran: Negah, 2003.